Volume 5, Issue 18 (4-2015)                   NCMBJ 2015, 5(18): 23-28 | Back to browse issues page

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Fakhroleslam M R, Jafari P, hosseini D, Mohajerani H R, Banasaz A, Tajabadi Ebrahimi M. Connection, evaluation and detoxification of aflatoxin M1 in milk by Lactobacillus casei strain TD2, native probiotics in various physicochemical conditions. NCMBJ. 2015; 5 (18) :23-28
URL: http://ncmbjpiau.ir/article-1-621-en.html
Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch, Arak, Iran
Abstract:   (9255 Views)

Aim and Background: Contamination of foods such as milk and dairy products even with low level of Aflatoxins has side effects on human and animal health. Based on the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Aflatoxins are classified as human carcinogenic factors. Several microorganisms have been reported to have the ability to bind or destruct Aflatoxins in food and feed. Most of the scientists believe that detoxification is accomplished by physical binding between the cell wall and toxin.the aim of this study was the investigation of Aflatoxin M1 detoxification ability of Lactobacillus casei strain TD2, native Iranian probiotic isolated from Tarkhineh by Tajabady and colleagues.
Material and Methods: several samples of milk were collected from different regions of central province and the levels of their aflatoxin M1 was quantified with ELISA kit (Euro clone). The strain was subcultured in MRS Broth and 50 µl of it with 1×109 CFU/ml was inoculated in microfuges tubes containing 950 microliters of milk with aflatoxin M1 concentration about 100 ppb. After 4 hours incubation at 37°C and pH 7, the decrease in aflatoxin level was calculated. Then the detoxification abilities were determined in the same condition with different treatment such as heat (autoclaving), acid (hydrochloric acid), enzymes (lysozyme and protease) and physical (sound) treatment. By this way the effects of several factors on detoxification were examined.
Results: Our result showed that this bacterium can bind to Aflatoxin M1 (% 55.35 ± 0.7568), but the destruction of it’s cell wall cause revealing of unavailable sites in cell wall and membrane components and enhance detoxification ability. Treatments with Lysozyme and hydrochloric acid 2 M resulted in higher detoxification levels, 60.03 ± 0.5144 and % 63.61 ± 0.5886, respectively.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that ther is no differences between living and non-living cells of Lactobacillus casei TD2 in Aflatoxin M1 removal. In another word, living of the cells is not essential for detoxification. Acidic treatment of the cells was resulted in the highest level of toxin removal between all of the treatment. A change in the cell wall structure is the possible reason for this observation. The percent of bacteria remove by acid treatment showing higher aflatoxin M1 may be due to changes made in the wall structure. In general it can be concluded that the strain TD2 with %55.35 removal of Aflatoxin M1, can be used in biological removal of toxin in different materials.

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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Probiotic
Received: 2015/05/30 | Accepted: 2015/05/30 | Published: 2015/05/30

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